This website uses both its own cookies and the third-party cookies to provide visitors with a much better browsing experience and services adapted to their needs and interests.
In accordance with the EU "e-Privacy" Directive, in force since 26th May 2012 and with the provisions of Law no. 506 from 17th November 2004 on the processing of personal data and the protection of privacy in the electronic communications sector, all website visitors are required to consent before sending cookies to their computers.
What is a "cookie"?
An "Internet Cookie" (also known as a "browser cookie", "HTTP cookie" or simply "cookie") is a small file, consisting of letters and numbers, which will be stored on your computer, mobile terminal or other equipment of a user from whom the Internet is accessed. The cookie is installed by the request issued by a web server to a browser (for example Internet Explorer, Chrome) and is completely "passive" (does not contain software, viruses or spyware and it cannot access the information on the hard drive user).
Cookies play an important role in facilitating access to and delivery of multiple services that the user enjoys on the Internet, such as:
• They customize certain settings such as:
- the language in which a site is viewed;
- the currency in which certain prices or tariffs are expressed;
- accessing old preferences by accessing the "Forward" and "Back" button.
• Cookies provide the owners′ site with feedback on how their sites are used by users, so that they can make them even more efficient and accessible to users;
• They allow multimedia or other applications from other sites to be included in a particular site to create a more valuable, useful and enjoyable browsing experience;
• They improve the efficiency of online advertising.
What are the advantages of cookies?
A cookie contains information that links a web browser (user) to a specific web server (website). If a browser accesses that web server again, he/she can read the information that have been already stored and react accordingly. Cookies provide users with a pleasant browsing experience and support the efforts of many websites to provide comfortable services to users: ex - online privacy preferences, site language options or relevant advertisement.
What is the lifetime of a cookie?
Cookies are administered by web-servers. The lifetime of a cookie can vary significantly, depending on the purpose for which it is placed. Some cookies are used exclusively for a single session (session cookies) and are no longer retained once the user has left the website, while other cookies are retained and reused each time the user returns to that website. ('persistent cookies'). However, cookies can be deleted by a user at any time via browser settings.
What are the third-party cookies?
Certain sections of content on some sites may be provided through third parties / providers (for example, news box, video, or advertisement). These third parties may place cookies through another website and they are called "third party cookies" because they are not placed by the owner of that website. The third party providers must also comply with the law in force and with the privacy policies of the site owner.
These cookies may come from the following third parties: facebook.com, twitter.com, etc.
How cookies are used by the website
A visit to the website may place cookies for the purposes of:
• increasing the performance of the website;
• analysis of visitors;
• user′ s registration.
Other third party cookies
On some pages, the third parties may set their own anonymous cookies in order to track the success of an application or to customize an application. Due to the use of the website, the website cannot access these cookies, just the third parties cannot access the cookies held by that website. For example, when the user distributes an article using the social media button on a website, that social network will record the user's activity, not the website on which the button is located.
What kind of information is stored and accessed through cookies?
Cookies store information in a small text file that allows a website to recognize a browser. The web server will recognize the browser until the cookie expires or is deleted. The cookie stores important information that enhances your Internet browsing experience, for example:
• settings of the language in which you want to access a site;
• keeping a user logged in to the webmail account;
• online banking security;
Why are cookies important for the Internet?
Cookies are the focal point of the efficient operation of the Internet, helping to generate a friendly browsing experience adapted to the preferences and interests of each user. Refusing or disabling cookies may make some websites impossible to use. Refusing or disabling cookies does not mean that the user will no longer receive online advertising - but only that it will no longer be able to take into account the user's preferences and interests, highlighted by the browsing behavior.
Examples of important uses of cookies (which do not require a user to authenticate through an account):
• content and services adapted to user preferences - categories of news, weather, sports, maps, public and government services, entertainment websites and tourism services;
• offers adapted to users' interests - retention of passwords, language preferences (for example: displaying search results in Romanian language)
• retention of child protection filters on Internet content (family mode options, safe search functions);
• measurement, optimization and analytics features - such as: confirmation of a certain level of traffic on a website, what type of content is viewed and how a user reaches a website (for example through search engines, directly, from other websites etc.). The website of the owners conduct these analyzes to refine the websites for the benefit of the users.
Security and privacy issues
There are NOT viruses on cookies! They use plain text formats. They are not made up of pieces of code, so they cannot be executed, nor they can run automatically. As a result, they cannot be duplicated or replicated on other networks to run or to replicate. Because they cannot perform these functions, they cannot be considered viruses. Cookies may, however, be used for negative purposes. Because they store information about users' preferences and browsing history, both on a particular website and on other websites, cookies can be used as a form of spyware. Many anti-spyware products are aware of this and constantly mark cookies for deletion in anti-virus / anti-spyware deletion / scanning procedures. In general, browsers have built-in privacy settings, which provide different levels of acceptance of cookies, validity period and automatic deletion after the user has visited a particular site.
Other security issues related to cookies
Because identity protection is very valuable and represents the right of every Internet user, it is advisable to know what possible problems cookies can create.
Because through them, information is constantly transmitted, in both directions, between the browser and the website, if an attacker or unauthorized person interferes during the transmission of data, the information contained in the cookie may be intercepted. Although very rare, this can happen if the browser connects to the server using an unencrypted network (for example an unsecured WiFi network).
Other cookie-based attacks involve incorrect cookie settings on web-servers. If a website does not require the browser to use only encrypted channels, attackers can use this vulnerability to trick browsers into sending information through unsecured channels. Attackers then use the information in order to gain unauthorized access to certain sites.
It is very important that users should be careful in choosing the most appropriate method of personal information protection.
Tips for safe and responsible browsing based on cookies
Here are some tips that can ensure that you browse without worry, but with the help of cookies:
• if you do not mind cookies and you are the only person using the computer, you can set long expiration dates for storing your browsing history and personal access data;
• if you share access to your computer, you can consider to adjusting your browser to clear individual browsing data each time you close your browser. This is a way to access the websites that place cookies and to delete any visit information, at the end of the browsing session;
• install and constantly update your antispyware applications. Many of the spyware detection and prevention applications include site attack detection. This prevents the browser from accessing websites that could exploit browser vulnerabilities or download malicious software;
• make sure your browser is always up to date. Many cookie-based attacks are exploited by exploiting the weaknesses of older versions of browsers.
Cookies are everywhere and cannot be avoided, especially if you want to enjoy access to the best and largest sites on the Internet - local or international. With a clear understanding of how they operate and the benefits they bring, you can take the necessary security measures so that you can browse on the Internet with confidence.
What do you do if you do not want cookies installed on your computer?
There are people for whom the storage of information extracted from their computer or mobile device is relatively invasive, especially when the information in question is stored and used by third parties unknown to them. If you prefer, you can block all cookies or just some of them or even remove cookies that have been installed on your terminal. However, be aware that you may not be able to use certain features. To enable this lock, you must change your browser privacy settings. Some third-party operators have developed tools whose modules enable data collection and use to be disabled. Disabling and refusing to receive cookies may make certain sites impractical or difficult to visit and use. Also, the refusal to accept cookies does not mean that the user will no longer receive / see online advertisements. It is possible to set in the browser so that these cookies are no longer accepted, or you can set the browser to accept cookies from a certain website. But, for example, if a user is not registered as using cookies, he will not be able to make comments. All modern browsers offer the ability to change cookie settings.
These settings are usually found in the "Options", "Settings" or "Preferences" menus (buttons) of the browser.